Democracy??


Important to have an appropriate system for different scenarios. Majority isn’t always right, but so is the one person objection rule.


10月12日,學聯岑敖暉副秘書長在商台《政好星期天》節目談到,關於撤離佔領地區的動議,只要有任何一個「朋友」(佔領運動領導者)反對,就被否決。此說佐證網上流傳「阿娟」和「阿華」等的描述:撤離的動議曾在學聯與學民思潮「十人領導小組」數次投票表決,都是多數人贊成,兩人反對,而遭否決(見「阿娟的佔中日記」及「民主真兄弟」網誌)。

少有人懷疑這些佔領者是爭取民主,但也少有人認同這種「一票否決」是踐行民主。其實,一票否決比傳統專制更保守更僵化。

傳統專制集權於少數人或一個人,例如蘇聯曾集權與勃列日涅夫等人,中國曾集權於毛澤東一人。「集權於人」雖然僵化,但集權者還可能審時度勢,調整政策,改變方向,例如毛澤東主導與「帝國主義頭子」美國結成準同盟,共同對付昔日的「社會主義老大哥」蘇聯;又如勃列日涅夫晚年往塔什干發表傳遞善意的演說,啟動了中蘇和解的進程。 Continue reading

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Time to wake up!


Time to wake up! From the retirement of Bokhary NPJ, DBC incident, to national education, we observe the infringement of our rights slowly.  We are left with no room because even you don’t get involve in politics, government policies will haunt you sooner or later

科技大學社會科學部副教授成名,他認為這次香港電視事件非常「黑白分明」,加上政府直到現在的發言皆是詞窮理屈,因此觸動了很多港人,「無論是Facebook的網民還是參加集會的市民、又或在政總上台發言的香港電視員工,都體現了『你唔去搞政治,政治都搞緊你』」。成名指,近年香港發生的事件,由反國教到DBC、再到港視發牌,都令市民懷疑政府對多件事件的處理手法,港人看到自己各式各樣的自由價值一直被侵蝕,「現在連公平競爭的核心價值都失去了,因此令更多市民公民覺醒」。

成名也歸納了近年香港出現的不公義事件,都令港人躁鬱不安,對一國兩制失去信心,「他們明白中央正在打壓港人核心價值,明白一國兩制已成為謊言」。他甚至認為,公民醒覺未必由反國教開始,如2011年包括他在內的學者被抹黑、去年中聯辦高度介入特首選舉、前終審法院常任法官包致金「被退休」等,都影響着、觸動着港人,「只係國民教育最易明,你有小朋友就會被『辣㷫』,明白是赤裸裸的思想自由操控,故觸動的港人最多」。而近年發生種種為公義發聲的事件,甚至會令更多市民更支持普選,「呢個情緒不停在發酵,對於一些本來支持普選的市民,會加強他們支持的信心,對一些本來不留意的人,起碼這些事件對悖理來說,就是當頭棒喝」。

每個市民覺醒時間及被喚醒方式都不盡相同,但只要最終會被喚醒,然後便不會再睡,才是重中之重!集會的最新發展,有港視主席王維基晚上以個人名義發聲明,指「十二萬人的呼喚,怎不令人動容」,強調自己永不放棄,會堅持到底;在經在場參與集會的市民「全民商討」後,香港電視總導演蘇萬聰就公布「上街睇電視」行動,計劃由今晚起每日晚上8時至10時在政府總部廣場開台播放節目,亦有港視員工決定留守政總,似乎雖然歷史在重演,但可以肯定是醒過來的港人,已是愈來愈多了。

信報 21 Oct 2013

OREOS – as addicitive as drugs


English: Double Stuf Oreos, by Nabisco.

Research by University of Connecticut shows that in terms of neurological angle, “Oreos and other high-fat, high-sugar foods have this potential to be just as addicting as drugs of abuse.” It’s about time to think about how we deal with unhealthy food. For example, freedom of an individual vs costs (e.g. medical) on other tax payers!!!

Source: http://www.universityherald.com/articles/4962/20131016/oreos-addictive-cocaine-morphine-connecticut-college-joseph-schroeder-neuroscience.htm

OECD Skills Outlook 2013


Young people in Asia are doing better than the young people in old European countries, American and Canadian in General. Korea is doing remarkable, especially the contrast between the younger and older generations.

Full Report by OECD – Click here (takes a while to download)

One of the news:

Japanese adults are way ahead in math and literacy skills than their peers in 23 other countries, according to a report by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) published Tuesday.

The study, conducted in 22 OECD member states as well as Russia and Cyprus, involved tests on 166,000 people aged between 16 and 65.

Only 4.9 percent of Japanese adults had scores of 1 or less on a scale of 1 to 5, indicating difficulty in reading a simple text.

The highest level 5 denotes the ability to search and process information from dense texts and evaluate evidence based arguments.

“Roughly every fifth Finn and Japanese reads at high levels (Level 4 or 5 on the Survey of Adult Skills),” the OECD Skills Outlook 2013 report said.

“This means, for example, that they can perform multiple-step operations to integrate, interpret, or synthesise information,” it said.

The corresponding figure was less than one per 20 for Spain and Italy. The OECD average was 15.5 percent.

The report said Japanese nationals aged between 25 and 34 who had only finished secondary education were far ahead in writing skills than university graduates in the same age bracket in Spain and in Italy.

The results were similar for mathematical ability with the Japanese outstripping the others. Only 8.1 percent had problems in tackling a basic sum and were evaluated at level 1 or less.

The figure for France was 28 percent while it was more than 30 percent for Italy and Spain.

In digital technology, at least 10 percent in nearly all the countries lacked basic skills to use a computer.

Swedes topped the ranking in computer literacy and digital skills with 8.8 percent ranked at a very high level, followed by Finland and Japan.

The study also showed that those with strong literacy skills earned salaries about 60 percent higher than others less competent.

And those with literacy levels of 1 or less were at greater risk of being unemployed. The figure on an average was seven percent for them against four percent for those placed at the highest levels of 4 and 5.

The ones lagging behind in literacy levels also reported poorer health and were less committed citizens.

The study also said that “immigrants with a foreign-language background have significantly lower proficiency in literacy, numeracy and problem solving in technology-rich environments than native-born adults.”

Source: http://www.globalpost.com/dispatch/news/afp/131008/japanese-adults-top-reading-math-skills-oecd-study