Democracy??


Important to have an appropriate system for different scenarios. Majority isn’t always right, but so is the one person objection rule.


10月12日,學聯岑敖暉副秘書長在商台《政好星期天》節目談到,關於撤離佔領地區的動議,只要有任何一個「朋友」(佔領運動領導者)反對,就被否決。此說佐證網上流傳「阿娟」和「阿華」等的描述:撤離的動議曾在學聯與學民思潮「十人領導小組」數次投票表決,都是多數人贊成,兩人反對,而遭否決(見「阿娟的佔中日記」及「民主真兄弟」網誌)。

少有人懷疑這些佔領者是爭取民主,但也少有人認同這種「一票否決」是踐行民主。其實,一票否決比傳統專制更保守更僵化。

傳統專制集權於少數人或一個人,例如蘇聯曾集權與勃列日涅夫等人,中國曾集權於毛澤東一人。「集權於人」雖然僵化,但集權者還可能審時度勢,調整政策,改變方向,例如毛澤東主導與「帝國主義頭子」美國結成準同盟,共同對付昔日的「社會主義老大哥」蘇聯;又如勃列日涅夫晚年往塔什干發表傳遞善意的演說,啟動了中蘇和解的進程。 Continue reading

Hong Kong Chief Executive (“CE”)


It’s now confirmed that the CE of Hong Kong is going to be CY Leung and people start worrying his “Putin” type of approach would bring a negative impact to Hong Kong.  A few observations have been made.

Traditionally, the land developing tycoons won’t say much about politics but this time even Li Ka-shing commented openly and forcefully on his support on Henry Tang. At the moment before the voting, Mr Li was stopped by journalists on his view and he was still fully supporting Henry Tang adamantly.  His resolute attitude could be interpreted in several angles.  The more important angles are:

  1. Business environment is going to be tough under the leadership of Mr Leung, and become less business friendly.
  2. Housing policy is going to be significantly different (e.g. mechanism on price, windfall tax on developer)
  3. General concern on the development of Hong Kong (i.e. social, political, judicial, economical)

None of these appear to be good, and all Hong Kong residents will be affected, one way or another.  Some people may argue drop of property price, prima facie, would make it easier for a lot of resident to own their own flat.  I agree with it and I do look forward to the drop, however, how many property owners are mentally and financially ready for it?  If the same drop like 1998 happens, with the “Putin” approach of Mr Leung, one could imagine the seriousness of social crash that may happen.

My another concern is on the legal system, freedom of speech and publication.  Separation of power, independent and trustworthy legal system distinguish Hong Kong from China, and it’s one of the major reasons Hong Kong and Singapore stand out among the peers in Asia.  Once the trust of Hong Kong legal system is gone, it would be extremely difficult to be restored and Hong Kong is no different to the other PRC cities.  The independent legal system upholds the freedom of speech and publication indirectly as the government could be challenged in Court for its impediment of such freedom.  Hong Kong Court has been proved to be non-bias in cases involving the government (i.e. more than 50% of cases have had order again the government since 1997)

Legislation trumps common law, and any law has to be signed off by the CE to be effective.  If Department of Justice pushes through new legislation, it would be very difficult for legislator(s) to change it in the future as a peculiar feature in Hong Kong legal system requiring private bills subject to a higher threshold for approval.

Five years are long enough for any legislation to be enacted.  My concern is that if any law that is going to affect the universal suffrage of the CE and members of Legislative Council have been passed through, we will get what we have asked for, but it’ll only be skin deep.